This article was reprinted from kaiserhealthnews.org with permission from the Henry J. Kaiser Family members Foundation. Kaiser Health News, an editorially independent information service, is a scheduled system of the Kaiser Family members Foundation, a nonpartisan healthcare policy research organization unaffiliated with Kaiser Permanente. Â.. Adversity in childhood may shape long-term health outcomes Noting the ’16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence,’ Neil Boothby, U.S. Government special adviser and senior coordinator to the USAID administrator on kids in adversity, writes in USAID's ‘IMPACTblog,’ ‘The technology is clear – – childhood encounters form adult outcomes, including long-term health, cognitive development, academic achievement, and one's ability to end up being and safely employed gainfully.’ He continues, ‘In the same way that public health attempts have prevented and decreased pregnancy-related complications, baby mortality, infectious illnesses and diseases, so can the elements that donate to abusive and violent responses – – attitudes, behavior and social, economic, political and cultural conditions – – be changed.’ Boothby notes the U.S.Weinreb, distinguished and chairman Professor of Ophthalmology at the University of California, NORTH PARK School of Medication, has received a $6.4 million, 5-year grant from the National Eye Institute, section of the National Institutes of Wellness, to elucidate the genetics of glaucoma in persons of African descent. Glaucoma may be the leading reason behind blindness in African-Us citizens. It is four to five occasions more likely that occurs in people of African descent, and up to 15 times much more likely to trigger meaningful visible impairment in this group compared to those of European descent.