Based on the findings of a fresh Cochrane Review.

Owing partly to limitations in measurement, the outcomes were unable to show evidence that abstinence-plus programmes affected self-reported prices of sexually transmitted infections, or self-reported pregnancy incidence.?.. Abstinence-plus programs for HIV prevention can reduce risk behavior Programmes that aim to encourage sexual abstinence even though also encouraging and teaching safer sex strategies for those people who are sexually active can reduce short – and long-term HIV risk behaviour among young people in high-income countries, based on the findings of a fresh Cochrane Review.Having authors suggest the best reviewers may seem like a good idea therefore. In the aftermath of the latest scandals involving fake peer reviewers, many journals have decided to carefully turn off the reviewer-suggestion option on the manuscript-submission systems. But that move might not be enough, as the publisher Hindawi uncovered this past spring. Although Hindawi doesn’t allow authors recommend reviewers for their manuscripts, it decided to examine the peer-review information for manuscripts submitted in 2013 and 2014 for possible fraud. The peer-review procedure used in Hindawi’s journals depends primarily on the expertise of its editorial board members and the guest editors of special issues, who are responsible for supervising the review of submitted manuscripts.5 Since the peer reviewers chosen by the guest editors were not subject to any kind of independent verification, editors themselves could undermine the procedure in much the same way that authors or third-party agencies did somewhere else: by creating fake reviewer identities and addresses that they submitted reviews that are positive endorsing publication.